Accountability and User Participation in Chinese Child Welfare Non-Government Organisations

Project Status: Current
People Involved: Xiaoyuan Shang, Karen Fisher
Research Areas: Policy Design, Impact & Evaluation; Chinese Social Policy
Funding Agency: Australian Research Council - Linkage Program
Non-Staff Involved: Jude Howell (London School of Economics), Tong Lihua (Beijing Child Legal Aid and Research Centre)

Millions of children now rely on support from Chinese child welfare nongovernment organisations. The government is reforming NGO policy in response to public demands about service quality, but it lacks relevant research. The established team of Chinese social policy researchers at UNSW, London School of Economics, Right To Play and the Chinese government will refine theories of democratic and managerial accountability to the context of NGOs in transition countries. We hypothesise that accountability to service users, the public, and the state, changes with the degree of user participation in NGOs. We analyse new datasets, policies and participatory fieldwork to inform policy change and to benefit capacity and training in child welfare NGOs.


Fisher KR; Shang X; Li J, 2015, 'Accountability of Children's Services Organizations in China', Asian Social Work and Policy Review, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 94 - 107,

Shang, X. & Wang, X. (ed.) 2013 Leading Research on Child Welfare in China: 2013, Beijing, China Social Sciences Academic Press.

Blaxland M, Fisher KR, and Shang X. 2015 Transitional and Developmental Challenges for Chinese Social Policy. Asian Social Work and Policy Review 9(1):1-2 11.

Blaxland, M., Shang, X., & Fisher, K. R. 2014. People Oriented: a New Stage of Social Welfare Development in China. Journal of Social Service Research, 40(4), P508-519.

Shang, X. and J. Yu 2014 Theorization of “Vulnerable Children” in Policy Research, Social Welfare, (Theory)?2014?6?p5-8,13.

Shang, X. 2014 Accountability, NGO and Governance, presentation at the workshop: Governance in China: Theory, Experiences and Challenges, Peking University, China, Beijing, 23 October 2014. (Invited conference paper)

Fisher, K.R. and Shang, X. 2013, Research on NGO accountability of social service organisations in China, UNSW Asia Research Network Workshop on theory, methods, practice and findings of NGO social research in Asia, 1 August.